@staycuriousorg

#014 | Capital Curiosity (DC, Maryland, Virginia)

After a few weeks on hiatus, the staycurious.org Podcasts returns. First we offer a fun Friday show recapping the week’s touristy stuff in the Nation’s Capital: indoor skydiving, turning 40, and street art.

Then we explore the DMV (DC/Maryland/Virginia) and find The Awakening t0 brush off the dust and get back to curating content to coach the The Curious.

Got a city for this traveling podcast to visit? Let us know.

Guest: Al Miller aka -the Captain of Project Falkor @projectfalkor

Intro Music: Plastic Shadow by mr.Gnome off of Heave Your Skeleton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Listening Time: 30 minutes

#013 | Curiosity + Love Part II

Love is an incredible thing. And we don’t know love like we should.

This curious conversation is a follow up to Episode #011 | Curiosity + Love.

We asked supporters for their input, chatted again with the Captain of Project Falkor, and tried to make it fun.

Pour your favorite cocktail and enjoi.

The intro song is called Hey Mr by Mr. Sebastian.

Listening time: 43 minutes

#012 | Wining w/ Chris Swanson

After  a year of begging, pleading, and being stood up, I finally sit with the infamous Chris Swanson.

Chris Swanson is lactose intolerant living in an ice cream world.

Pour a glass of your favorite Two Buck Chuck, sit back and relax, and listen to two lads discuss randomness, missed trips to India, and what will become of 2021 as we reset what is normal.

The intro music is from Mr.Gnome; an alternative are rock married duo from Cleveland, Ohio. Listen to How to Talk in Technicolor.

Listening time: 48 minutes

#011 | Curiosity + Love

Who doesn’t want a human diary to do life with?

In this episode, we dive into love and curiosity, today’s ‘swipe life’ culture and mutual values, and how you cannot ‘unfuck’ someone.

Three questions asked:

  1. How are curiosity and validation related?
  2. Is curiosity good for relationships?
  3. Why do The Curious have better relationships?

The intro music is from Mr.Gnome; an alternative are rock married duo from Cleveland, Ohio. Listen to The Wild Child.

Listening time: 45 minutes

Resources for Podcast:

Listen to Modern Romance by Aziz Anzari.

Read Modern Romance by Aziz Anzari.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Articles for this podcast are available here, here, and here.

#010 | Seas and Greetings w/ Project Falkor

Al Miller, R.A. is not a mad man. But he did trade his Dual Masters in Architecture & Business along with a decade of designing skyscrapers and hotels in San Diego, CA to travel to Santiago de Chile to teach English and Eco-tourism, only to fall in love with scuba-diving and the sailing life.

Season 1 is done and included secret bars, 70 days quarantined on SV Falkor and eating stingray. Set adrift this curious conversation with the Captain of Project Falkor as we chat about planning Season 2 of sailing towards the simple life.

What will 2021 include? Just a tiny trip across Atlantic from the Canary Islands to St. Lucia via Cape Verde, up the Windward Islands to Florida and the East Coast.

Batten down the hatches and raise your Jolly Roger.

The intro music is the new single Midnight Sun from Mr.Gnome; an alternative are rock married duo from Cleveland, Ohio.

Listening time: 29 minutes

7 Ways to Improve Your Critical Thinking Skills

When I was in 7th grade, my U.S. history teacher gave my class the following advice:

Your teachers in high school won’t expect you to remember every little fact about U.S. history. They can fill in the details you’ve forgotten. What they will expect, though, is for you to be able to think; to know how to make connections between ideas and evaluate information critically.

I didn’t realize it at the time, but my teacher was giving a concise summary of critical thinking. My high school teachers gave similar speeches when describing what would be expected of us in college: it’s not about the facts you know, but rather about your ability to evaluate them.

And now that I’m in college, my professors often mention that the ability to think through and solve difficult problems matters more in the “real world” than specific content.

Despite hearing so much about critical thinking all these years, I realized that I still couldn’t give a concrete definition of it, and I certainly couldn’t explain how to do it. It seemed like something that my teachers just expected us to pick up in the course of our studies. While I venture that a lot of us did learn it, I prefer to approach learning deliberately, and so I decided to investigate critical thinking for myself.

What is it, how do we do it, why is it important, and how can we get better at it? This post is my attempt to answer those questions.

In addition to answering these questions, I’ll also offer seven ways that you can start thinking more critically today, both in and outside of class.

What Is Critical Thinking?

“Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.”

– The Foundation for Critical Thinking

The above definition from the Foundation for Critical Thinking website is pretty wordy, but critical thinking, in essence, is not that complex.

Critical thinking is just deliberately and systematically processing information so that you can make better decisions and generally understand things better. The above definition includes so many words because critical thinking requires you to apply diverse intellectual tools to diverse information.

Ways to critically think about information include:

  • Conceptualizing
  • Analyzing
  • Synthesizing
  • Evaluating

That information can come from sources such as:

  • Observation
  • Experience
  • Reflection
  • Reasoning
  • Communication

And all this is meant to guide:

  • Beliefs
  • Action

You can also define it this way:

Critical thinking is the opposite of regular, everyday thinking. 

Moment to moment, most thinking happens automatically. When you think critically, you deliberately employ any of the above intellectual tools to reach more accurate conclusions than your brain automatically would (more on this in a bit).

This is what critical thinking is. But so what?

Why Does Critical Thinking Matter?

Linda-Elder-Quote-for-CIG

Most of our everyday thinking is uncritical.

If you think about it, this makes sense. If we had to think deliberately about every single action (such as breathing, for instance), we wouldn’t have any cognitive energy left for the important stuff like D&D. It’s good that much of our thinking is automatic.

We can run into problems, though, when we let our automatic mental processes govern important decisions. Without critical thinking, it’s easy for people to manipulate us and for all sorts of catastrophes to result. Anywhere that some form of fundamentalism led to tragedy (the Holocaust is a textbook example), critical thinking was sorely lacking.

Even day to day, it’s easy to get caught in pointless arguments or say stupid things just because you failed to stop and think deliberately.

But you’re reading College Info Geek, so I’m sure you’re interested to know why critical thinking matters in college.

Here’s why:

According to Andrew Roberts, author of The Thinking Student’s Guide to College, critical thinking matters in college because students often adopt the wrong attitude to thinking about difficult questions. These attitudes include:

Ignorant Certainty

Ignorant certainty is the belief that there are definite, correct answers to all questions–all you have to do is find the right source (102). It’s understandable that a lot of students come into college thinking this way–it’s enough to get you through most of your high school coursework.

In college and in life, however, the answers to most meaningful questions are rarely straightforward. To get anywhere in college classes (especially upper-level ones), you have to think critically about the material.

Naive Relativism

Naive relativism is the belief that there is no truth and all arguments are equal (102-103). According to Roberts, this is often a view that students adopt once they learn the error of ignorant certainty.

While it’s certainly a more “critical” approach than ignorant certainty, naive relativism is still inadequate since it misses the whole point of critical thinking: arriving at a more complete, “less wrong” answer.

Part of thinking critically is evaluating the validity of arguments (yours and others’). Therefore, to think critically you must accept that some arguments are better (and that some are just plain awful).

Critical thinking also matters in college because:

  • It allows you to form your own opinions and engage with material beyond a superficial level. This is essential to crafting a great essay and having an intelligent discussion with your professors or classmates. Regurgitating what the textbook says won’t get you far.
  • It allows you to craft worthy arguments and back them up. If you plan to go on to graduate school or pursue a PhD., original, critical thought is crucial
  • It helps you evaluate your own work. This leads to better grades (who doesn’t want those?) and better habits of mind.

Doing college level work without critical is a lot like walking blindfolded: you’ll get somewhere, but it’s unlikely to be the place you desire.

Bertrand-Russell-Quote-for-CIG

The value of critical thinking doesn’t stop with college, however. Once you get out into the real world, critical thinking matters even more. This is because:

  • It allows you to continue to develop intellectually after you graduate. Progress shouldn’t stop after graduation–you should keep learning as much as you can. When you encounter new information, knowing how to think critically will help you evaluate and use it.
  • It helps you make hard decisions. I’ve written before about how defining your values helps you make better decisions. Equally important in the decision-making process is the ability to think critically. Critical thinking allows you compare the pros and cons of your available options, showing that you have more options than you might imagine.
  • People can and will manipulate you. At least, they will if you take everything at face value and allow others to think for you. Just look at ads for the latest fad diet or “miracle” drug–these rely on ignorance and false hope to get people to buy something that is at best useless and at worst harmful. When you evaluate information critically (especially information meant to sell something), you can avoid falling prey to unethical companies and people.
  • It makes you more employable (and better paid). The best employees not only know how to solve existing problems–they also know how to come up with solutions to problems no one ever imagined. To get a great job after graduating, you need to be one of those employees, and critical thinking is the key ingredient to solving difficult, novel problems.

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7 Ways to Think More Critically

AE-Mander-Quote-for-CIG

Now we come to the part that I’m sure you’ve all been waiting for: how the heck do we get better at critical thinking? Below, you’ll find seven ways to get started.

1. Ask Basic Questions

“The world is complicated. But does every problem require a complicated solution?”

– Stephen J. Dubner

Sometimes an explanation becomes so complex that the original question get lost. To avoid this, continually go back to the basic questions you asked when you set out to solve the problem.

Here are a few key basic question you can ask when approaching any problem:

  • What do you already know?
  • How do you know that?
  • What are you trying to prove, disprove, demonstrated, critique, etc.?
  • What are you overlooking?

Some of the most breathtaking solutions to problems are astounding not because of their complexity, but because of their elegant simplicity. Seek the simple solution first.

2. Question Basic Assumptions

“When you assume, you make an ass out of you and me.”

The above saying holds true when you’re thinking through a problem. it’s quite easy to make an ass of yourself simply by failing to question your basic assumptions.

Some of the greatest innovators in human history were those who simply looked up for a moment and wondered if one of everyone’s general assumptions was wrong. From Newton to Einstein to Yitang Zhang, questioning assumptions is where innovation happens.

You don’t even have to be an aspiring Einstein to benefit from questioning your assumptions. That trip you’ve wanted to take? That hobby you’ve wanted to try? That internship you’ve wanted to get? That attractive person in your World Civilizations class you’ve wanted to talk to?

All these things can be a reality if you just question your assumptions and critically evaluate your beliefs about what’s prudent, appropriate, or possible.

If you’re looking for some help with this process, then check out Oblique Strategies. It’s a tool that musician Brian Eno and artist Peter Schmidt created to aid creative problem solving. Some of the “cards” are specific to music, but most work for any time you’re stuck on a problem.

3. Be Aware of Your Mental Processes

Human thought is amazing, but the speed and automation with which it happens can be a disadvantage when we’re trying to think critically. Our brains naturally use heuristics (mental shortcuts) to explain what’s happening around us.

This was beneficial to humans when we were hunting large game and fighting off wild animals, but it can be disastrous when we’re trying to decide who to vote for.

A critical thinker is aware of their cognitive biases  and personal prejudices and how they influence seemingly “objective” decisions and solutions.

All of us have biases in our thinking. Becoming aware of them is what makes critical thinking possible.

4. Try Reversing Things

A great way to get “unstuck” on a hard problem is to try reversing things. It may seem obvious that X causes Y, but what if Y caused X?

The “chicken and egg problem” a classic example of this. At first, it seems obvious that the chicken had to come first. The chicken lays the egg, after all. But then you quickly realize that the chicken had to come from somewhere, and since chickens come from eggs, the egg must have come first. Or did it?

Even if it turns out that the reverse isn’t true, considering it can set you on the path to finding a solution.

5. Evaluate the Existing Evidence

“If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.”

Isaac Newton

When you’re trying to solve a problem, it’s always helpful to look at other work that has been done in the same area. There’s no reason to start solving a problem from scratch when someone has already laid the groundwork.

It’s important, however, to evaluate this information critically, or else you can easily reach the wrong conclusion. Ask the following questions of any evidence you encounter:

  • Who gathered this evidence?
  • How did they gather it?
  • Why?

Take, for example, a study showing the health benefits of a sugary cereal. On paper, the study sounds pretty convincing. That is, until you learn that a sugary cereal company funded it.

You can’t automatically assume that this invalidates the study’s results, but you should certainly question them when a conflict of interests is so apparent.

6. Remember to Think for Yourself

Don’t get so bogged down in research and reading that you forget to think for yourself–sometimes this can be your most powerful tool.

Writing about Einstein’s paper “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” (the paper that contained the famous equation E=mc2), C.P. Snow observed that “it was as if Einstein ‘had reached the conclusions by pure thought, unaided, without listening to the opinions of others. To a surprisingly large extent, that is precisely what he had done’”(121).

Don’t be overconfident, but recognize that thinking for yourself is essential to answering tough questions. I find this to be true when writing essays–it’s so easy to get lost in other people’s work that I forget to have my own thoughts. Don’t make this mistake.

For more on the importance of thinking for yourself, check out our article on mental laziness.

7. Understand That No One Thinks Critically 100% of the Time

“Critical thinking of any kind is never universal in any individual; everyone is subject to episodes of undisciplined or irrational thought.”

– Michael Scriven and Richard Paul

You can’t think critically all the time, and that’s okay. Critical thinking is a tool that you should deploy when you need to make important decisions or solve difficult problems, but you don’t need to think critically about everything.

And even in important matters, you will experience lapses in your reasoning. What matters is that you recognize these lapses and try to avoid them in the future.

Even Isaac Newton, genius that he was, believed that alchemy was a legitimate pursuit.

Conclusion

Albert-Einstein-Quote-for-CIG

As I hope you now see, learning to think critically will benefit you both in the classroom and beyond. I hope this post has given you some ideas about how you can think more critically in your own life. Remember: learning to think critically is a lifelong journey, and there’s always more to learn.

For a look at critical thinking principles in action, check out this guide to strategic thinking.

Sources

#009 | Keep Calm & F#ck Finding Your Passion

2021 has arrived with the ‘new year, new me’ mantra everywhere. Millions of human tubes with teeth are inspired with resolutions and  following advice like ‘find your passion.’

That’s just shitty advice.

In short, telling people to find their passion could suggest that it is within you just waiting to be revealed. It is not. Telling people to follow their passion suggests that the passion will do the lion’s share of the work for you. It will not.

We take a look at the the effects of fixed and growth mindsets on learning, curiosity, and motivation.

The intro music is from Mr.Gnome; an alternative are rock married duo from Cleveland, Ohio.

Listening time: 23 minutes

Full findings on Implicit Theories of Interest available here.

#008 | 2020 Review w/ Todd

In this episode of staycurious.org Podcast, we roam through 2020 and the impact the ‘Rona had, share a few laughs recapping the year, and guessing how 2021 will turn out. Will we return to any sense of normalcy?

Special Guest: Todd Kalin

Todd is a long-time friend, loving husband & father and enjoys camping with his family. It’s his favorite.

The intro music is from Mr.Gnome; an alternative are rock married duo from Cleveland, Ohio.

Listen, stream, download “Golden Daze” and get your rock and read-along on.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Listening time: 55 minutes

2020 Featured Image available here.

007 | Bond, James Bond

In this episode of staycurious.org Podcast, we take a look at how 007, who is a fictional character created by the British journalist and novelist Ian Fleming in 1952, has a dozen or so traits that we all can use to enhance our daily lives.

What makes this character so timeless?

Why does he consistently appeal to both the male and female psyche these past six decades?

This podcast also includes new music from Mr. Gnome; an alternative art rock married duo from Cleveland, Ohio. 

Listen, stream, download their new single ‘Midnight Sun‘ and have an eargasm.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Listening time: 30 minutes

Resources for episode available here, here, and here.

6 Surprising Benefits of Curiosity

For children and adults alike, curiosity has been linked with psychological, emotional, social, and even health benefits.

“Why?”

That’s the question parents and teachers both dread and love to hear from kids. We dread it because, well, sometimes we don’t know the answer—or we’re too lazy or harried to come up with a good one. But we usually do our best, understanding that curiosity is key to learning.

But did you know that the benefits of curiosity are not limited to the intellectual? For children and adults alike, curiosity has been linked with psychological, emotional, social, and even health benefits. Here are six of them!

1. Curiosity helps us survive.

The urge to explore and seek novelty helps us remain vigilant and gain knowledge about our constantly changing environment, which may be why our brains evolved to release dopamine and other feel-good chemicals when we encounter new things.

2. Curious people are happier.

Research has shown curiosity to be associated with higher levels of positive emotions, lower levels of anxiety, more satisfaction with life, and greater psychological well-being. Of course, it may be, at least partially, that people who are already happier tend to be more curious, but since novelty makes us feel good (see above), it seems likely that it goes the other direction as well.

3. Curiosity boosts achievement.

Studies reveal that curiosity leads to more enjoyment and participation in school and higher academic achievement, as well as greater learning, engagement, and performance at work. It may seem like common sense, but when we are more curious about and interested in what we are doing, it’s easier to get involved, put effort in, and do well.

4. Curiosity can expand our empathy.

When we are curious about others and talk to people outside our usual social circle, we become better able to understand those with lives, experiences, and worldviews different than our own. Next time you have the chance to talk with a stranger, especially someone who may be quite dissimilar to you, try engaging with them on a personal level (respectfully, of course) and showing them that you are interested in what they have to say.

5. Curiosity helps strengthen relationships.

One study asked strangers to pose and answer personal questions, a process scientists call “reciprocal self-disclosure.” They found that people were rated as warmer and more attractive if they showed real curiosity in the exchange (while other variables like the person’s social anxiety and their levels of positive and negative emotions did not affect the partner’s feelings of attraction and closeness). This implies that demonstrating curiosity towards someone is a great way to build your closeness with them.

6. Curiosity improves healthcare.

Research suggests that when doctors are genuinely curious about their patients’ perspectives, both doctors and patients report less anger and frustration and make better decisions, ultimately increasing the effectiveness of treatment.

This article originally appeared in Greater Good Magazine.


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